Abraham Lincoln Assassination Relics
After Abraham Lincoln’s assassination in 1865, items even remotely connected to his death were transformed into historic artifacts. Souvenir hunters started collecting items immediately following his death. Many of these souvenirs were passed down through families to individuals living today.
Because of the proliferation of fake items that were manufactured to meet the demand for assassination artifacts after Lincoln’s death, it can be very difficult to authenticate Lincoln-related items. To establish authenticity, a direct link between Lincoln’s assassination to the present day item is necessary. Establishing provenance is essentially a matter of documentation.
This website is very grateful to the individual who has shared his journey to authenticate a Lincoln relic passed down through his family. It is believed to have been collected by a soldier assigned to guard Ford’s Theatre immediately following Lincoln’s death.
The relic is a small frame containing a swatch of fabric and wood pieces. Accompanying note signed by Betty Sweney reads, “This is a piece of the chair and piece of curtain President Lincoln was leaning against in Ford’s Theatre when he was shot.”
Provenance: Earliest memories of the relic by the present day owner date back to the 1940’s when he recalls the framed relic being displayed for many years in the home of his grandmother who said they got the relic from a relative who was an officer guarding Ford’s Theatre after Lincoln was shot. His grandmother was Ethel Ida Bower (Goodwin) Swinney whose mother was Ida Kirk (Bower) Goodwin, a sister of Lt. William H. Bower. A known relative of the family, Lt. William H. Bower was an officer of the 22nd and later the 24th Regiment of the Veteran Reserve Corp which was stationed to guard Ford’s Theatre immediately following Lincoln’s death. The family is also known to be related to the Gatch brothers who were present at the theatre when Lincoln was shot. Dr. Charles Davenport Gatch (1841 – 1870) and his brother Capt. Oliver Cross Gatch of Milford, Ohio.
Mar 30, 2020 update! Ancient mitochondrial DNA has been successfully sequenced from one of the wood pieces accompanying the swatch of cloth assassination relic (see photo above). Although it was not a match to Lincoln’s X1c mtDNA profile, it was an identical match to Major Henry Reed Rathbone’s D4i2 mtDNA profile. Below is a photo of the chair where Mary Todd Lincoln was probably seated in the presidential box the night Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth. It is hoped that an analysis comparison will confirm this chair to be the source of the “wood pieces” pictured above with the curtain swatch. The wood pieces appear to be pieces of rush seating material. The chair’s seat also appears to be woven rush material. We are grateful to Roger J. Norton of the Lincoln Discussion Symposium for bringing this chair to our attention. The chair is part of the Ford’s Theatre Lincoln collection. Please view the Major Henry Reed Rathbone mtDNA Study on this website.
New York, State Census, 1875
Name: Wm H Bower
Birth Year: abt 1840
Residence Date: 1 Jun 1875
Residence Place: Rochester Ward 10, Monroe, New York, USA
Election District: Ward 10
Household number: 507
Relation to Head: Son
Father’s name: John
Mother’s name: Mary Bower
Line Number: 10
Sheet Number: 53
John Bower 62
Mary Bower 50
Wm H Bower 35
Ida K Bower 21 [Ida Kirk Bower m: Philip Swing Goodwin]
Julia T McCormick 39
New York, State Census, 1865
Name: Wm H S Bower
Relation to Head: Son
Birth Year: abt 1838
Residence: Rochester, Monroe, New York, USA
Line Number: 12
Page Number: 11
Mary J Bower 46
Wm H S Bower 27 [Shown as a soldier]
Ida Bower 14 [Ida Kirk Bower]
Julia Tillelcomick 27
Thank you to Steve Whitlock who is providing his research for establishing the provenance of the above relic. More of his research information will be added soon so please check back. SWH
Let us compare another Abraham Lincoln relic —
While researching the above relic, I came across a description of another Lincoln relic in the book, The Seeress of Prevorst, by noted author and biophysicist, John DeSalvo, Ph.D. The rare relic obtained by DeSalvo is a small piece of fabric reportedly stained with Lincoln’s blood. The relic is accompanied by an old note, “Lincoln’s blood-stained cloth from April 15, 1865, presented by Doctor Leale of N. Y.”
The first physician to attend Lincoln after he was shot at Ford’s Theatre was Dr. Charles Leale, an army physician from New York. According to DeSalvo, the cloth’s provenance can be traced back to the estate of John Hay, one of Lincoln’s private secretaries.
My sincerest appreciation to John DeSalvo for providing images of his relic for this website.
The 1865 Brady photograph of Ford’s Theatre was taken by the famous Civil War photographer Mathew Brady the day after Lincoln’s assassination. As news of Lincoln’s death spread, curtains disappeared from the president’s box, cut up and taken by relic seekers. During a reconstruction project at Ford’s Theatre some years ago, an embroidery shop reconstructed the lace curtain pattern based on the Brady photo. The photo of the reconstructed sample (shown below) was sent to John DeSalvo by the shop owner, Vincent Mesiano.
It is interesting to note, as John DeSalvo pointed out, the President’s box which was the box to the right, appears to already be missing the open weave lace under curtain the day after the assassination.
For Comparison — Piece of curtain from the box Abraham Lincoln was sitting in when assassinated. Artifact in the museum collection, National Park Service, Ford’s Theatre National Historic Site, Washington, D.C. (Carol M. Highsmith’s America, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division)